1.     Richard Le Gallienne, "The Mystery of 'Fiona Macleod,' " Forum, XLV   (February 1911), 170-179. An amusingly ironical clue to the effect the twentieth century had in turning these later Victorians upon one another is provided by Ernest Rhys's judgment of Le Gallienne: "There was something histrionic in his make-up." Everyman Remembers (London, 1931), p. 114.

2.     Paul Elmer More, The Drift of Romanticism, Shelburne Essays, Eighth Series (Boston, 1913), pp. 119-143.

3.     Ibid. pp. 125-128.

4.     Ibid. pp. 135-136.

5.     Georgiana Goddard King, "Fiona Macleod," Modern Language Notes, XXXIII (June 1918), 352-356. For a reply King's particular assertions regarding Fiona Macleod's sources, see note 45, Chap. 4.

6.      Dorothy M. Hoare, The Works of Morris and Yeats in Relation to Early Saga Literature (Cambridge, Eng., 1937), pp. 101-102.

7.      Samuel C. Chew, "The Nineteenth Century and After," in A Literary History of England, ed. Albert C. Baugh (New York, 1948), p. 1428.

8.      Ernest Rhys "The New Mysticism," Fortnightly Review, LXXIII (June 1900), 1045-1056.

9.      Ernest Rhys, Everyman Remembers (London, 1931), pp. 79-80.

10.    Arthur Waugh, "Fiona Macleod: A Forgotten Mystery," Spectator, August 14, 1936, p. 277.

11.    Thomas B. Rudmose-Brown, "L'Idéé Celtique dans l'oeuvre de Fiona Macleod," Mercure de France, January 1906, pp. 161-169.

12.    Elizabeth A. Sharp, William Sharp (Fiona Macleod): A Memoir (London, 1910). The Uniform Edition, published in 1912 to accompany Selected Writings of William Sharp and The Works of Fiona Macleod, asserted that division even more clearly than the first edition by separating the Memoir into two volumes, one for William Sharp (to 1894) and the other for Fiona Macleod (from 1894 to his death).

13.    Sophia Charlotte Fiechter, von William Sharp zu Fiona Macleod (Tubingen, 1936), p. 74.

14.    More, Drift of Romanticism, p. 126.

15.    H. G. Wells, Experiment in Autobiography (New York, 1934), pp. 72-73. Quotations from Experiment in Autobiography, copyright 1934 by H. G. Wells, are reprinted by permission of Professor G. P. Wells and Collins-Knowlton-Wing, Inc.

16.      Irving Babbitt, Rousseau and Romanticism (Boston, 1919), especially pp. 51-54.

1. The Changeling

1.     Elizabeth A. Sharp, William Sharp (Fiona Macleod): A Memoir (London, 1910). The second edition (London 1912), published in two volumes, will be used exclusively and will henceforth be referred to as Memoir I, or Memoir, II, as the case may be. Quotations from the Memoir are reprinted by permission of William Heinemann, Ltd., and Dodd, Mead, and Co.

2.     William Sharp, "In the Days of My Youth," Mainly About People, November 14, 1900, pp. 484-485. This article will be referred to hereafter as MAP.

3.     Memoir, I, 4-5. Other less authoritative sources mistakenly give 1856 as Sharp's year of birth.

4. Memoir, I, 11.

5. Ibid., p. 5.

6. MAP, p. 485.

7. Memoir, I, 5, and MAP, p. 485.

8. Memoir, I, 5.

9. Ibid.

10. Memoir, I, 5-6.

11. Ibid., P. 9.

12. MAP, p. 485.

13. Memoir, I, 19, and MAP, p. 485.

14. Memoir, I, 21.

15. MAP, p. 485.

16. Ibid.

17. Memoir, I, 21.

18. Ibid., pp. 9-10.

19. Ibid., P. 6.

20. Ibid., P. 7. See Fiona Macleod's "Barabal: A Memory," The Dominion of Dreams (London, 1899).

21. Ibid., p. 18. See Fiona Macleod's "Seumas: A Memory," The Winged Destiny (London, 1904).

22. Ibid., pp. 9-10.

23. MAP, P. 484.

24. Ibid.

25. Memoir, I, 6.

26. Ibid.

27. Ibid., p. 15.

28. MAP, p. 485.

29. Ibid.

30. Fiona Macleod, "Prologue: The Laughter of Peterkin," The Laughter of Peterkin (London, 1895), pp. 5-20.

31.    Fiona Macleod, "TheGaelicHeart," TheWinged Destiny. quoted in Memoir, I, 14; also in Thomas Rudmose-Brown,

32.    "L'Idéé celtiique dans 'oeuvre de Fiona Macleod," Mercure de France, January 1906, p. 168, and Sophia Fiechter, von William Sharp zu Fiona Macleod (Tubingen, 1936), p. 25.

33.    Memoir, I, 12-13. For a curious parallel to his supposedly factual experience, see the passage from Elie Reclus' contemporary anthropological study Primitive Folk: A Study in Comparative Ethnology (London, 1892), p. 73, evoking the visionary experiences of the priests of certain Indian tribes, quoted above, pp. 108-109.

33. Ibid., p. 23.

34. Ibid.

35. William Sharp, "The Gipsy Christ," The Gipsy Christ and Other Tales (Chicago, 1895).

36. Compare especially Fiona Macleod, Green Fire (New York, 1896), and "Iona," The Divine Adventure (London, 1900).

37.    Compare especially Fiona Macleod, "The Last Supper" and "The Anointed Man," The Washer of the Ford (Edinburgh, 1895), and the poem "The Moon-Child," From the Hills of Dream (Edinburgh, 1895).

38.    Fiona Macleod, "The Annir-Choille" (sometimes reprinted as "Cathal of the Woods"), The Washer of the Ford. Herbert Read may have derived from Fiona Macleod the motif of the passage into "the green life" that appears in his novel The Green Child (London, 1945).

39. Memoir, I, 51.

40. Interview with Phyllis Greenacre, M.D., March 1964.

41. Memoir, I, 275.